10 Things You Should Know About NASA

1. NASA stands for National Aeronautics and Space Administration and was created by President Dwight Eisenhower in 1958 in response to the Soviet Union’s Launch of the first artificial satellite the previous year.

2.The goal of sending a man to the moon was set by President John F. Kennedy at the end of the 1960s. The first men walked on the moon 9 years later as a part of the Apollo 11 mission on July 20, 1969.

3. During the Apollo mission, all twelve men walked on the moon.

4. After an oxygen tank explosion in 1970, the Apollo 13 lunar landing was aborted.

5. Landsat was the series of revolutionary satellites that were first launched in 1972 for the purpose of systematically photographing the surface of the Earth from space.

6. The Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo spacecraft landed in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans when they returned to Earth.

7. The United Nations declared October 4-10, 1999 as World Space Week. These dates commemorate the launch of Sputnik in 1957 and the 1967 Outer Space Treaty.

8. Have you ever heard a sonic boom? When an airplane travels at a speed faster than sound, density waves of sound emitted by the plane accumulate in a cone behind the plane. When this shock wave passes, a listener hears a sonic boom. Large meteors and the Space Shuttle frequently produce audible sonic booms before they are slowed to below the speed of sound by the Earth’s atmosphere.

9. The NASA Dryden Flight Research Center is located in Edwards, California.

10. This year NASA turns 59!

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